[34] Similarly, the lamb, egg and fish also allude to the three mythical creatures in Jewish tradition—the land beast Behemoth,[35] the bird Ziz,[36] and the sea-creature Leviathan,[37] respectively. Both horse and driver God has hurled into the sea.". She plays an important role in several episodes of Moses’ life and in the exodus of Israel from Egypt. and is the daughter of Amram and Jochebed, and the sister of Moses and Aaron. Miriam was the firstborn child of Amram and Jochobed, born in Egypt about 90 years before the Exodus.She was the older sister to Aaron and Moses.As a young girl she watched over the basket with Moses in it, assuring that an Egyptian princess would retrieve … She is called “Miriam the prophetess” in Exodus 15:20. Miriam, who has found fault with Moses’ dark-skinned wife, now has diseased skin that is leprous and white as snow. ... Miriam’s Song Manna and Water from the Rock Battle with the Amalekites Ten Commandments Golden Calf Judgment Ten Commandments Expedition Returns Korah's Rebellion Mose 2,1-10 wird Mirjam als … They also discuss how God has spoken to them too, implying that they are unhappy with the status quo between themselves and their younger brother. It has been suggested that since according to the Hebrew Bible anyone with tzara'at was tamei (Leviticus 13–14), Aaron was spared this punishment in order not to interrupt his duties as High Priest. "[12] Rabbi Louis Ginzberg wrote the anger of God to them. Auf LinkedIn können Sie sich das vollständige Profil ansehen und mehr über die Kontakte von Bibel Miriam und Jobs bei ähnlichen Unternehmen erfahren. "Take this baby and nurse him for me, and I will pay you," Pharaoh's daughter says to Yocheved (Exodus 2:9). Miriam, King James Bible Dictionary. Later, as the Israelites wander through the desert in search of the Promised Land, the midrash tells us that a well of water followed Miriam and quenched the people's thirst. Miriam (Hebrew: מִרְיָם ‎, Modern: Miryam, Tiberian: Miryām) is a feminine given name recorded in Biblical Hebrew, recorded in the Book of Exodus as the name of the sister of Moses, the prophetess Miriam.. Spelling variants include French Myriam, German Mirjam, Mirijam; hypocoristic forms include Mira, Miri and Mimi (commonly given in Israel). This usage of the word Cushite is non-pejorative and is often used in Jewish sources as a term for someone unique and outstanding. Miriam's death is described in Numbers 20:1 and in the next verse, the Israelites are described as complaining of the lack of water at Kadesh. She participates with Moses and Aaron to lead the Israelite community during the exodus and the wanderings. "Biblical Literacy: The Most Important People, Events, and Ideas of the Hebrew Bible." 1. Before all your people I will do marvels, such as have not been created in all the earth or in any nation. Der Name ist hebräischen Ursprungs und lautet eigentlich Mirjam (hebr. 7.After the crossing of the Red Sea "Miriam the prophetess" is her acknowledged title. Their complaint, therefore, was not about the union between Moses and Tzipora, but about their separation. [23] However, Friedman's primary interest is not in the identity of the Cushite woman, but rather in the outcome of this story which establishes Moses' superiority over Aaron as an example of his claim that rival priesthoods created or publicized tales in order to legitimize their respective claims to privilege and power. At this time Miriam emerges from her hiding place and approaches Pharaoh's daughter, offering to find a Hebrew woman to nurse the child. Many scholars question why only Miriam is punished when it … In other words, Moses has a closer relationship with God than other prophets. Furthermore, according to the conclusion of the Tharbis legend, Moses fashioned a miraculous ring which caused her to forget her love for him, and he then returned to Egypt alone. Miriam in the Bible may best be known as the big sister who helped save her baby brother from certain death. Schede bibliche da collezionare per bambini e ragazzi. The Torah refers to her as "Miriam the Prophetess"[1] and the Talmud[2] names her as one of the seven major female prophets of Israel. Then Miriam the prophetess, Aaron's sister, took a tambourine in her hand, and all the women followed her, with tambourines and dancing. Miriam. Others have suggested that Aaron was not afflicted with leprosy because, as the High Priest, it would not have been seemly for his body to be touched by such a dreaded disease of the flesh. [29] Miriam's Cup originated in the 1980s in a Boston Rosh Chodesh group; it was invented by Stephanie Loo, who filled it with what she referred to as mayim chayim (living waters) and used it in a feminist ceremony of guided meditation. Her role in saving her baby brother and in celebrating the crossing of the sea highlights her concern for her people. Moses has commanded Pharaoh to let his people go and God has sent the ten plagues down upon Egypt. Richard E. Friedman writes that since Cush is generally understood to mean "Ethiopia", it is possible that the "Cushite woman" is not Tzipora. But God rebuked them by calling them all out "suddenly", causing Miriam and Aaron a great burning sensation since they lacked immersion in a mikva after marital relations. Miriam Connected to: {{::readMoreArticle.title}} aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie {{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}} This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by contributors (read/edit). מִרְיָם). 1. The narrative of Moses' infancy in Exodus depicts an unnamed sister of Moses observing him being placed in the Nile (Ex 2:4); she is frequently portrayed as being Miriam. Miriam nella Bibbia. The Midrash[8] explains the entire story as follows: It became known to Miriam and Aaron that Moses had separated from intimacy with his wife Tzipora. When Miriam is re-introduced in this part of the story, the text refers to her as a "prophetess" (Exodus 15:20) and later in Numbers 12:2 she reveals that God has spoken to her. She recognizes him as one of the Hebrew babies and feels sympathy for the child. 26:59 Miriam died and was buried there."[7]. [30] Miriam's cup is linked to the midrash of Miriam's Well, described as "a rabbinic legend that tells of a miraculous well that accompanied the Israelites during their forty years in the desert at the Exodus from Egypt". [6]:79, Regarding the death of Miriam, the Torah states, "The entire congregation of the children of Israel arrived at the desert of Tzin in the first month, and the people settled in Kadesh. Miriam also appears in the biblical book of Numbers, when she and her brother Aaron speak unfavorably about the Cushite woman Moses is married to. However, while Josephus does describe a legend (which is not written in the Torah) wherein Moses marries this princess during a military campaign he leads in Ethiopia, according to Josephus this marriage occurs while Moses is still a royal prince of Egypt long before he re-discovers his oppressed Jewish brethren. Both horse and driver. Then Miriam the prophet, Aaron’s sister, took a timbrel in her hand, and all the women followed her, with timbrels and dancing. A Mosque in the area of Medina, possibly: This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 22:41. 23, p. 24b", Miriam's Cup: A New Ritual for the Passover Seder, ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim, Current Ummah of Islam (Ummah of Muhammad), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Miriam&oldid=995597732, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2016, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mother Abiona or Amtelai the daughter of Karnebo, Slayers of Saleh's she-camel (Qaddar ibn Salif and Musda' ibn Dahr). Miriam Speaks Against Moses . MIRIAM mĭr’ ĭ əm (מִרְיָ֥ם).The name of two persons in the OT. The former Hebrew slaves have crossed the Red Sea and the waters have crashed down upon the Egyptian soldiers that were pursuing them. [5], The narrative of Moses' infancy in the Torah describes an unnamed sister of Moses observing him being placed in the Nile (Exodus 2:4); she is traditionally identified as Miriam. It is feminine -- ve'teddaber ("and she spoke") -- indicating that Miriam was the one who initiated the conversation against Moses (Telushkin, 130). [6]:71, In the biblical narrative of The Exodus, Miriam is described as a "prophetess" when she leads the Israelites in the Song of the Sea after Pharaoh's army is destroyed at the Sea of Reeds. Using interpretations from the documentary hypothesis, he notes that this story, which he calls "Snow-White Miriam", was authored by the Elohist who he claims was from, or supported, the Shiloh priesthood, and thus promoted this tale to assert Moses’ superiority over Aaron and thereby belittle the Aaronid priesthood in Judah. Sehen Sie sich das Profil von Bibel Miriam im größten Business-Netzwerk der Welt an. Schwester von Aaron und Mose: sie wird bedeutungsvoll „Mirjam die Prophetin" genannt (2. They disapproved of this separation because they considered her to be outstandingly righteous, much as a dark-skinned person stands out among light-skinned people—hence the reference to Tzipora as a "Cushite". Bedeutung des Namens. Aaron asks Moses to intercede for Miriam, Moses prays to God to heal her, and God concedes after requiring a quarantine of seven days. Miriam in the Bible is Moses’ older sister. The princess agrees and Miriam brings none other than her own mother to care for Moses. Accordingly, the lamb (earth), egg (air) and fish (water) in the Seder symbolize the three prophets Moses, Aaron and Miriam, respectively, whom God chose to redeem the Jews from Egypt. Die Namenstradition geht auf die Bibel zurück. Their rebellion. Cosa puoi imparare da Miriam, sorella maggiore di Mosè? [9] In fact, King Saul[10] and even the Jewish People[11] are referred to by the term "Cushite". Further elaboration identified the rock that Moses struck to bring forth water in Exodus 17:5–6 with this well, and it was said that the rock travelled with the people until Miriam's death. (See "The Passover Story" for more information.). n Old Testament the sister of Moses and Aaron. Barrymore, Green reunite for 1st time in 15 years It is from this part of her story that the relatively new tradition of Miriam's Cup at the Passover seder is derived. Answer: Miriam in the Bible is Moses’ older sister. he has hurled into the sea.” Miriam is giving thanks for … Miriam and Aaron are instructed to step forward and God explains to them that Moses is different from other prophets: What God seems to be saying in this text is that whereas God appears to other prophets in visions, with Moses God speaks "face to face, clearly and not in riddles" (Numbers 12:6-9). . Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license; additional terms may apply. The sister of Moses and Aaron (Exodus 2:4-10; 1 Chronicles 6:3).Her name is prominent in the history of the Exodus. She leads the women in a dance while singing: "Sing to the Lord, for God is highly exalted. The waters of the well were drawn after the mark and thus supplied water for each of the Tribes. Scripture describes her alongside of Moses and Aaron as delivering the Jews from exile in Egypt: "For I brought you up out of the land of Egypt and redeemed you from the house of slavery, and I sent before you Moses, Aaron, and Miriam". Maria. Moses leads the Israelite people in a song of praise to God, after which Miriam appears again. Afterwards, "God's wrath flared against them. But as the child grows older Yocheved decides that it is no longer safe for him at home -- after all, it would only take one ill-timed cry for an Egyptian guard to discover the child. He describes the Aaronid priesthood in the Kingdom of Judah, which claimed descent from Aaron and which controlled the Temple in Jerusalem, as opposed to a priesthood which claimed allegiance to Moses and was based at Shiloh in the Kingdom of Israel. ch. Miriam (Mairam; Merem) este sora lui Moise, ea fiind cu 11 ani mai mare și decedând înaintea lui. (Numbers 12:1–15). After which time, upon fleeing as a solitary fugitive from Egypt,[19] the only marriage of Moses that the Torah records is with Tzipora the daughter of Yitro the Midianite. She was a prophetess and first appears in the Book of Exodus. Following this encounter, Miriam discovers that her skin is white and that she is afflicted with leprosy. ver. Yocheved puts Moses in a waterproofed wicker basket and places it in the Nile, hoping the river will carry her son to safety. Leprosy is a dreaded disease, and Moses immediately pleads to God on her behalf; she is healed. Rabbi Joseph Telushkin suggests this difference stems from the Hebrew verb used to describe their comments about Moses' wife. Hun blev en profetinde og omtales først i 2. Pharaoh's daughter sends one of her servants to fetch the basket from among the reeds and finds Moses when she opens it. Mirjam – Bibel-Lexikon. And Miriam was shut out from the camp seven days: and the people journeyed not till Miriam was brought in again. Mirjam wird also als eine der drei Führungsgestalten aus der zentralen Befreiungsgeschichte des Volks Israel betrachtet und sieben Mal namentlich in der Bibel genannt. I Myself ordered him to abstain from conjugal life, and the word he received was revealed to him clearly and not in dark speeches, he saw the Divine presence from behind when It passed by him. 1. When she returns, Miriam has been healed and the Israelites move on to the Desert of Paran. In their merit they received three great gifts: the Well [Miriam], the Clouds of Glory [Aaron] and the Manna [Moses]." Jump to navigation Jump to search. [6]:71, The Torah describes Miriam and Aaron as being rebuked by God for criticizing Moses on account of his "Cushite" wife, after which Miriam is punished for a week with tzara’at ("leprosy", Numbers 12). ", In Jewish folk-religious tradition this abrupt transition between her passing and the lack of water was explained by postulating a "well of Miriam" that dried up when she died. Num. Miriam (מִרְיָם ‎ Mīrəyām) was described in the Hebrew Bible as the daughter of Amram and Jochebed, and the older sister of Moses and Aaron.She was a prophetess and first appears in the Book of Exodus.. Miriam was the daughter of Amram, the leader of the Israelites in ancient Egypt, and of Jochebed and the sister of Aaron and Moses. Quelle: Kleine Namenskonkordanz. (The other Prophetess’ are: Sarah, Deborah, Hannah, Abigail, and … Upon seeing Miriam's punishment Aaron asks Moses to speak to God on her behalf. Mirjam eller Miriam ( hebraisk: מרים) er ifølge Det gamle testamente søster af Moses og Aron, syv år ældre end Moses og fire år ældre end Aron, og eneste datter af Amram og Jochebed fra Levis stamme. Her pride made her jealous of Moses' superior authority. However, the identity of the Cushite woman referred to in this story is tangential to Friedman and his opinion remains inconclusive. L'utilizzo di questo nome in Italia è piuttosto recente e negli ultimi anni ha visto un sempre maggiore apprezzamento da parte dei neo genitori italiani. Miriam (rebellion), the sister of Moses, was the eldest of that sacred family; and she first appears, probably as a young girl, watching her infant brothers cradle in the Nile, ( Exodus 2:4) and suggesting her mother as a nurse. Afterward, Miriam is left with bodily tzara'at, which according to Jewish sources is a divine punishment for slander. Because Without Miriam, Jewish Life Would Not Exist | The Jewish News Weekly of Northern California", "Defrosting Judaism: A Look at the Ritualwell Website", "Mo'ed l'Khol Chai, Izmir, 1861, Chapter 4, sec. Douay name: Mary. [20] In fact, Josephus[21] himself later records Moses' marriage to Tzipora as separate and subsequent to his earlier marriage to Tharbis. This article is about the biblical prophetess and sister of, Biblical narratives and the Qur'an § Miriam and Mary, "Fragments from the Lost Writings of Irenaeus, XXXII", Miriam’s Cup: Miriam’s Cup rituals for the family Passover seder, "Why Miriam's Cup? Exodus 15:20 Exodus 15:20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a tambourine in her hand; and all the women went out after her with tambourines and with dances. According to the Midrash, the Leviathan and Behemoth,[38] as well as the Ziz,[39] are to be served at the Seudat Techiyat HaMetim[40] (the feast for the righteous following the Resurrection of the Dead), to which the Passover Seder alludes, insofar as it commemorates the past Redemption together with the Cup of Elijah's heralding the future, Final Redemption. Daughter to Amram and Jochebe, and sister to Moses and Aaron, we first meet Miriam as a young girl who watches her baby brother being placed in the Nile in an effort to save his life (Exodus 2:4). 7.After the crossing of the Red Sea "Miriam the prophetess" is her acknowledged title. Im Profil von Bibel Miriam sind 2 Jobs angegeben. She was also a prophetess in her own right. Hence, as a result of Miriam's boldness, Moses was raised by his mother until he was weaned, at which time he was adopted by the princes and became a member of the Egyptian royal family. Elijah's Cup and Miriam's Cup During Passover Seder, Hebrew Names for Girls and Their Meanings, The Order and Meaning of the Passover Seder. She was described as a prophetess, and, in fact, is one of the seven major female prophets in the Bible. Mirjam = Bitterkeit oder Betrübnis, griech. William Morrow: New York, 1997. Locul nașterii este specificat ca fiind Egipt, ea fiind fata unor țărani israeliți. And he said, “Behold, I am making a covenant. Several chapters later, in Numbers 20, she dies and is buried at Kadesh. The only justification they could find for Moses' celibacy was in order to maintain his prophetic state. Surprisingly, Aaron is not afflicted or punished in any way, though he too spoke against Moses. According to the Hebrew Bible, Miriam was the older sister of Moses and Aaron. Miriam does not appear again until much later in the Exodus story. They also discuss how God has spoken to them too, implying that they are unhappy with the status quo between themselves and their younger brother. La teoria più accreditata ci dice che Miriam abbia origini egizie.Infatti, il nome è basato sul termine mry il cui significato è “amore” o “amata”.Circa il significato del nome Miriam, rimangono comunque in sospeso numerose altre teorie.Una di queste porta a dedurre che derivi dall’ebraico verosimilmente con il significato di “goccia di mare”. [7], Rashi says that this well was the same rock from which Moses brought forth water after Miriam's death. [15] Despite Miriam's intent to help Tzipora, she should have judged Moses favorably and approached Moses on Tzipora's behalf privately. Who was Miriam in the Bible? This honor was only bestowed on six other women in the Bible, and Miriam was the first. Telushkin, Joseph. When Miriam died, the well was removed as is evidenced by the fact that immediately after the verse "And Miriam died", There was no water for the community. It seems that the people, especially the women, looked up to her and followed her. This explains their claim that God spoke not only to Moses but also to them, yet they had not separated from their spouses. [41][42], There is no mention of Moses' sister's name specifically. Miriam asks Pharaoh's wife and her handmaidens to have his own mother act as nursemaid to Moses, the mother's identity not being known to Pharaoh's wife (28:12–13). Miriam (.mw-parser-output .script-hebrew,.mw-parser-output .script-Hebr{font-family:"SBL Hebrew","SBL BibLit","Frank Ruehl CLM","Taamey Frank CLM","Ezra SIL","Ezra SIL SR","Keter Aram Tsova","Taamey Ashkenaz","Taamey David CLM","Keter YG","Shofar","David CLM","Hadasim CLM","Simple CLM","Nachlieli",Cardo,Alef,"Noto Serif Hebrew","Noto Sans Hebrew","David Libre",David,"Times New Roman",Gisha,Arial,FreeSerif,FreeSans}מִרְיָם‎ Mīrəyām) was described in the Hebrew Bible as the daughter of Amram and Jochebed, and the older sister of Moses and Aaron. Thus, in addition to the traditional cup of wine that is set for the Prophet Elijah, some feminist-inspired Seders set a cup of water for Miriam which is sometimes also accompanied by a ritual in her honor. [citation needed] However, noting the wording of the verse, "God's wrath flared against them [i.e., both Aaron and Miriam]", the Talmud appears to conclude that Aaron was also smitten with tzara'at initially, but was then immediately cured.[16]. She is shut outside the camp for the required period of time and the people wait for her. Exodus 34:10-16 ESV / 3 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful. Miriam sang to them [and she sings the same verse as verse 1 there, with a little bit of change in the pronoun]: "Sing to the LORD, for he is highly exalted. She is called “Miriam the prophetess” in Exodus 15:20. Later on, Asiya, wife of Pharaoh, finds Moses at the river and adopts him as her own, but Moses refuses to be suckled by her. Miriam (Bible) synonyms, Miriam (Bible) pronunciation, Miriam (Bible) translation, English dictionary definition of Miriam (Bible). God eventually heals Miriam, but first insists that she be exiled from the Israelite camp for seven days. MIRIAM [SMITH] (rebellion), the sister of Moses, was the eldest of that sacred family; and she first appears, probably as a young girl, watching her infant brother?s cradle in the Nile, and suggesting her mother as a nurse. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Miriam is a brave and faithful woman who at times behaved in a manner that revealed the human imperfections to which we are all prone. Moses responds immediately, crying out to God in Numbers 12:13: "O Lord, please heal her" ("El nah, refah na lah"). Stampa, ritaglia e conserva le schede dei tuoi personaggi biblici preferiti. In 2. [27] The Midrash states that when they encamped, the leader of each Tribe took his staff to the well and drew a line in the sand toward his Tribe's encampment. Frequenza Circa 3.000.000 di italiane si chiamano Maria, escluso il nome che viene usato come primo in molti doppi nomi femminili e come secondo in vari doppi maschili… (Per questi casi far riferimento alle singole schede). Your censure is directed to Me, rather than to him, for 'the receiver is no better than the thief,' and if Moses is not worthy of his calling, I, his Master, deserve censure."[13]. Miriam (מִרְיָם Mir-yām) was born in 1576 B.C. The text reads, "Miriam died there, and was buried there. The horse and its rider he has hurled into the sea." Mosebog. The Torah refers to her as "Miriam the Prophetess" and the Talmud names her as one of the seven major female prophets of Israel. American sued by Thailand resort over negative review. ver. God overhears their conversation and calls the three siblings into the Tent of Meeting, where God appears as a cloud before them. Mo 15,20). [24][25]:217–228, The Talmud[26] says, "Three great leaders led Israel: Moses, Aaron and Miriam. Bible verses about Miriam . [22] Therefore, even according to Josephus, Moses' first marriage to Tharbis as military leader of Egypt terminated long before his later marriage to Tzipora as fugitive from Egypt, such that the Cushite wife of Moses mentioned in the Torah after the Exodus appears to be Tzipora, as explained above. Mose 15, 20 f. als Prophetin bezeichnet. Jordan's latest move isn't just business, it has a big purpose. Douay name: Mary n. the sister of Moses and Aaron. Both Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses, but only Miriam contracted tzara'at. Miriam first appears in the biblical book of Exodus not long after Pharaoh decrees that all newborn Hebrew boys will be drowned in the Nile river. Negative as well as positive traditions about Miriam testify to her prominence, power, and prestige in early Israel. Although the Bible shows Miriam did not hold a position equal to that of Moses, she seems to have been viewed as a near equal to Aaron in importance. Die Bibel in Bildern. Außerdem wird sie in 2. [14] This was because she, not Aaron, was the one who initiated the complaint against Moses. However, there came a point when Miriam's position of leadership got to her head. She is just referred to as "his sister" or "Moses's sister.". [31][32], Some Modern Orthodox Jews have revived an ancient custom[33] of adding a piece of fish to the Seder plate in honor of Miriam who is associated with water, based on the teaching in the Talmud[26] that God gave manna (on the ground) in the merit of Moses, clouds of glory (in the sky) in the merit of Aaron and a well (of water) in the merit of Miriam. Miriam, sorella di Aronne e Mosè, è un personaggio biblico citato nel libro dell'Esodo. In the Qur’an, as in the Hebrew Bible, Miriam obeys her mother's request to follow the baby Moses as he floats down the river in a basket, their mother having set him afloat so he would not be killed by Pharaoh's servants and soldiers (28:11). Miriam follows at a distance and sees the basket float near Pharaoh's daughter, who is bathing in the Nile. Miriam's mother, Yocheved, has been hiding Miriam's infant brother, Moses, for three months. But he adds that since there is a place called Cushan which is a region of Midian, and Moses’ wife Tzipora has already been identified as a Midianite, it is possible that the term "Cushite" relates to Tzipora's being from Cushan. God thus demonstrated to them Moses' unique level of prophecy for which he had to be prepared at all times, thereby justifying his separation from Tzipora. Miriam is the sister who watches over her baby brother Moses among the bulrushes on the banks of the Nile. And there was no water for the congregation. Miriam also appears in the biblical book of Numbers, when she and her brother Aaron speak unfavorably about the Cushite woman Moses is married to. Miriam sang to them: “Sing to the Lord, for he is highly exalted. . Miriam was the daughter of Amram and Jochebed; she was the sister of Aaron and Moses, the leader of the Israelites in ancient Egypt. Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014. [3] According to the Midrash,[4] just as Moses led the men out of Egypt and taught them Torah, so too Miriam led the women and taught them Torah. Im Tanach trägt die ältere Schwester des Mose, die Prophetin Mirjam, … ( ˈmɪrɪəm) n. (Bible) Old Testament the sister of Moses and Aaron. La Bibbia sulla Bibbia: Predica la parola, insisti in ogni occasione favorevole e sfavorevole. Define Miriam (Bible). [28], Miriam is a popular figure among some Jewish feminists. ch. Wherefore then were ye not afraid to speak against a man like Moses, who is, moreover, My servant? It has been suggested that Josephus[17] and Irenaeus[18] (who merely cites Josephus) identify the Cushite woman as Tharbis, "the daughter of the king of the Ethiopians".