His works influenced Francesco de Sanctis who made his studies in Naples, and then eventually became Minister of Instruction during the Italian kingdom. A revolution led by the local fisherman Masaniello saw the creation of a brief independent Neapolitan Republic in 1647, though this lasted only a few months before Spanish rule was reasserted. The True Neapolitan Pizza Association (Associazione Verace Pizza napoletana,AVPN) is a non-profit organization and was founded in June 1984 in Naples. [4] Naples currently has a higher birth rate than other parts of Italy, with 10.46 births per 1,000 inhabitants, compared to the Italian average of 9.45 births. De Sanctis was one of the first literary critics to discover, study and diffusing the poems and literary works of the great poet from Recanati. Pizza Regina — pomidor , mozarella , göbələk, vetçina , keklikotu ( bəzən hətta qara zeytun ilə) . [66][67][failed verification], Naples is a major national and international tourist destination, being one of Italy and Europe's top tourist cities. 5. Giuseppe Grispello, Il mistero di Castel Sant'Elmo, Napoli, Guida, 1999. Pizza marinara is a style of Neapolitan pizza in Italian cuisine seasoned with only tomatoes, extra virgin olive oil, oregano and garlic. Miano Pizza este un fel de mâncare cu originea în Napoli, Italia.Este o pâine plată, de obicei rotundă, acoperită cu sos de roșii și brânză, plus alte topping-uri opționale, preparată la cuptor.. Pissa este un termen latin, apărut în secolul IX, care înseamnă "pâine plată". The university is among the most prominent in Italy, with around 100,000 students and over 3,000 professors in 2007. Chiaia Naples is also known for its theatres, which are among the oldest in Europe – the Teatro di San Carlo opera house dates back to the 18th century. The San Pietro a Majella music conservatory, founded in 1826 by Francesco I of Bourbon, continues to operate today as both a prestigious centre of musical education and a musical museum. We have the best pizza in Allen. [55]:11–14, 18, Public health conditions in certain areas of the city were poor, with twelve epidemics of cholera and typhoid fever causing the death of some 48,000 people in the half century 1834–1884, and a high (for the time) death rate of 31.84 per thousand even in the epidemic-free period 1878–1883. Ponticelli. [43], Following the Spanish victory, Naples became part of the Spanish Empire, and remained so throughout the Spanish Habsburg period. [24] However, Belisarius of the Byzantine Empire recaptured Naples in 536, after entering the city via an aqueduct. [28][29], The duchy was under the direct control of the Lombards for a brief period, after the capture by Pandulf IV of the Principality of Capua, a long-term rival of Naples; however, this regime lasted only three years before the Greco-Roman-influenced dukes were reinstated. In 1839, Naples became the first city on the Italian peninsula to have a railway, with the construction of the Naples–Portici railway. Naples was the location for several early Italian cinema masterpieces. [103] It is host to the Botanical Garden of Naples, which was opened in 1807 by Joseph Bonaparte, using plans drawn up under the Bourbon king Ferdinand IV. It lies between two notable volcanic regions, Mount Vesuvius and the Campi Flegrei (en: Phlegraean Fields). [24] Naples was expected to keep in contact with the Exarchate of Ravenna, which was the centre of Byzantine power on the Italian Peninsula. Naples is also the home of limoncello, a popular lemon liqueur. Assunta Spina (1915) was a silent film adapted from a theatrical drama by Neapolitan writer, Salvatore Di Giacomo. 17. During the Benito Mussolini era, the first structures of the city's "service center" were built, all in a Rationalist-Functionalist style, including the Palazzo delle Poste and the Pretura buildings. [62] In 2007, Silvio Berlusconi's government held senior meetings in Naples to demonstrate their intention to solve these problems. A notable element of popular Neapolitan music is the Canzone Napoletana style, essentially the traditional music of the city, with a repertoire of hundreds of folk songs, some of which can be traced back to the 13th century. Neapolitan cuisine emerged as a distinct form in the 18th century. The University of Naples, the first university in Europe dedicated to training secular administrators,[33] was founded by Frederick II, making Naples the intellectual centre of the kingdom. [81], The San Gennaro dei Poveri is a Renaissance-era hospital for the poor, erected by the Spanish in 1667. Secondigliano [142] Neapolitan coffee is also widely acclaimed. Menu Website Facebook @NapolisMidway Will Deliver: Yes. [80] During the miracle, which thousands of Neapolitans flock to witness, the dried blood of Januarius is said to turn to liquid when brought close to holy relics said to be of his body. [118] In early 2002, there were over 249,590 enterprises operating in the province registered in the Chamber of Commerce Public Register. Napoli er den største by i Syditalien og hovedstad i regionen Campania.Byen har 972.212 (2016) indbyggere. Pendino A popular traditional dance in Southern Italy and Naples is the Tarantella, originated in the Apulia region and spread next to all part of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. The city grew rapidly due to the influence of the powerful Greek city-state of Syracuse,[7] and became an ally of the Roman Republic against Carthage. The team has also won the UEFA Cup,[174] and once named FIFA Player of the Century Diego Maradona among its players. The Vinaccia family also developed the mandolin. [85] Parco Virgiliano was named after Virgil, the classical Roman poet and Latin writer who is thought to be entombed nearby. n thành loại bánh có hình dạng tròn và dẹt, và được cho vào lò nướng chín. The city's main railway station is Napoli Centrale, which is located in Piazza Garibaldi; other significant stations include the Napoli Campi Flegrei[122] and Napoli Mergellina. People awarded the honorary citizenship of Naples are: L'Aquila, AbruzzoAosta, Aosta ValleyBari, ApuliaPotenza, Basilicata, Catanzaro, CalabriaNaples, CampaniaBologna, Emilia-RomagnaTrieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Rome, LazioGenoa, LiguriaMilan, LombardyAncona, Marche, Campobasso, MoliseTurin, PiedmontCagliari, SardiniaPalermo, Sicily, Trento, Trentino-Alto Adige/SüdtirolFlorence, TuscanyPerugia, UmbriaVenice, Veneto, "Napoli" redirects here. Pepe's was founded in 1925 by Frank Pepe (April 15, 1893 – September 6, 1969), an Italian immigrant. Naples gained complete independence by the early ninth century. [51] With the help of the Austrian Empire and its allies, the Bonapartists were defeated in the Neapolitan War, and Ferdinand IV once again regained the throne and the kingdom. The most notable transformations made were the construction of Via Caracciolo in place of the beach along the promenade, the creation of Galleria Umberto I and Galleria Principe and the construction of Corso Umberto. When the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies was restored, the system was kept in place with members of the nobility filling mayoral roles. It was expanded by Frederick II and became one of his royal palaces. I nærheden ligger vulkanen Vesuv.. Napoli blev sandsynligvis grundlagt af græske kolonister omkring 8. århundrede f.Kr. [41] In reviewing the film, Deborah Brown of The Swellesley Report called it “An important film of staggering genius that needed to be made.”[42], Robert De Niro, Henry Winkler, Kelly Clarkson, Meryl Streep, Bill Murray, Ernest Borgnine, John Turturro, Bill Clinton, Kevin James, Vince Vaughn & Damian Lewis have all visited the New Haven location.[43]. Another Wooster Street pizza restaurant, Sally's Apizza, was founded by Pepe's nephew Sal Consiglio in 1938. Brought to the city by the British during the early 20th century,[173] the sport is deeply embedded in local culture: it is popular at every level of society, from the scugnizzi (street children) to wealthy professionals. [43] The Spanish sent viceroys to Naples to directly deal with local issues: the most important of these viceroys was Pedro Álvarez de Toledo, who was responsible for considerable social, economic and urban reforms in the city; he also supported the activities of the Inquisition. The Angevin Kingdom of Naples included the southern part of the Italian peninsula, while the island of Sicily became the Aragonese Kingdom of Sicily. [60] However, high unemployment continues to affect Naples. The garden's 15 hectares feature around 25,000 samples of vegetation, representing over 10,000 plant species. Writer and journalist Matilde Serao co-founded the newspaper Il Mattino with her husband Edoardo Scarfoglio in 1892. Pianura [119] The A3 runs southwards from Naples to Salerno, where the motorway to Reggio Calabria begins, while the A16 runs east to Canosa. In 1458 the Accademia Pontaniana, one of the first academies in Italy, was established in Naples as a free initiative by men of letters, science and literature. The Pepe family later bought back The Spot from the Boccamiello family in 1981 and it now serves the same menu as the newer restaurant.[3]. Naples was greatly respected by the Romans as a paragon of Hellenistic culture. Artists such as Domenico Morelli, Giacomo Di Chirico, Francesco Saverio Altamura, and Gioacchino Toma worked in Naples during this period, and many of their works are now exhibited in the Academy's art collection. [161][162] Another Neapolitan musician of note was opera singer Enrico Caruso, one of the most prominent opera tenors of all time:[163] he was considered a man of the people in Naples, hailing from a working-class background.[164]. ", "North and South: The Tragedy of Equalization in Italy", "Berlusconi Takes Cabinet to Naples, Plans Tax Cuts, Crime Bill", "Unemployment spawns protests across Naples", "Cricca veneta sui rifiuti di Napoli: arrestati i fratelli Gavioli" (in Italian), "Gestione rifiuti a Napoli, undici arresti tra Venezia e Treviso" (in Italian), "Expo 2012, Napoli capitale dello spazio| Iniziative | DIREGIOVANI", "Cultura - Patrimonio Artistico e Museale - Castel Nuovo", "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated", "World Map of Köppen−Geiger Climate Classification", Tabelle climatiche della stazione meteorologica di Napoli-Capodichino Ponente dall'Atlante Climatico 1971–2000 (PDF), "The Rebirth of a Communications Network: Europe at the Time of the Carolingians", "Competitive Cities in the Global Economy", "Urban slums reports: the case of Naples, Italy", "Pontificia Facoltà Teologica dell'Italia Meridionale", "Università degli Studi Suor Orsola Benincasa – Napoli", "Which are the largest city economies in the world and how might this change by 2025? Approximately one kilometre (0.62 miles) of the many kilometres of tunnels under the city can be visited from the Napoli Sotteranea, situated in the historic centre of the city in Via dei Tribunali. This system, or one very similar to it, has been in place since the invasion of Italy by Napoleonic forces in 1808. Poggioreale Naples is one of the main centres of Italian literature. "testo" (neap. [112][113] Naples is a major cargo terminal, and the port of Naples is one of the Mediterranean's largest and busiest. [80] Below is a selective list of Naples' major churches, chapels, and monastery complexes: Aside from the Piazza del Plebiscito, Naples has two other major public squares: the Piazza Dante and the Piazza dei Martiri. The last ruling duke of the duchy, Sergius VII, was forced to surrender to Roger II, who had proclaimed himself King of Sicily seven years earlier. [50], Eventually, the Republicans conquered Castel Sant'Elmo and proclaimed a Parthenopaean Republic, secured by the French Army. [96][102], Naples is noted for its numerous higher education institutes and research centres. The history of pizza begins in antiquity, when various ancient cultures produced basic flatbreads with several toppings.. A precursor of pizza was probably the focaccia, a flat bread known to the Romans as panis focacius, to which toppings were then added. În zona de aglomerație a orașului trăiesc mai mult de 3 milioane de oameni. m.kreik. Some notable comedies set in Naples include Ieri, Oggi e Domani (Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow), by Vittorio De Sica, starring Sophia Loren and Marcello Mastroianni, Adelina of Naples (Academy Award-winning movie), It Started in Naples, L'oro di Napoli again by Vittorio De Sica, dramatic movies like Dino Risi's Scent of a Woman, war movies like The Four Days of Naples by Sardinian director Nanni Loy, music and Sceneggiata movies like Zappatore, from the eponymous song by Libero Bovio, starring singer and actor Mario Merola, crime movies like Il Camorrista with Ben Gazzara playing the part of infamous camorra boss Raffaele Cutolo, and historical or costume movies like That Hamilton Woman starring Vivien Leigh and Laurence Olivier. Due to philosophers such as Giambattista Vico, Naples became one of the centres of the Italian peninsula for historic and philosophy of history studies. Naples is Italy's fourth-largest economy after Milan, Rome and Turin, and is the world's 103rd-largest urban economy by purchasing power, with an estimated 2011 GDP of US$83.6 billion, equivalent to $28,749 per capita. No one beats Napoli Pizza when it comes to pizza - No one! Ruggiero Gennaro, I castelli di Napoli, Napoli, Newton & Compton, 1995, second-most populous metropolitan area in Italy, 7th-most populous urban area in the European Union, Istituto Universitario Suor Orsola Benincasa, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Ninì Tirabusciò: la donna che inventò la mossa, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy, "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011", "Principali statistiche geografiche sui comuni", "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018", "Napoli, l'inaugurazione dell'Hub di Direzione Strategica della Nato", "Guida Michelin, trionfa Napoli: è la città più stellata d'Italia", "Neapolis Station – Archaeological Yards", "Touring Club of Italy, Naples: The City and Its Famous Bay, Capri, Sorrento, Ischia, and the Amalfi, Milano", "Belisarius – Famous Byzantine General", "Aragonese Overseas Expansion, 1282–1479", "Ferrante of Naples: the statecraft of a Renaissance prince", "Charles of Bourbon – the restorer of the Kingdom of Naples", "La dolce vita? [40] The film was released on DVD and pay-per-view on September 29, 2020. [22] Virgil, the author of Rome's national epic, the Aeneid, received part of his education in the city, and later resided in its environs. [23] [77], Naples is widely known for its wealth of historical museums. [96] Naples has a higher percentage of females (52.5%) than males (47.5%). This system of tunnels and cisterns underlies most of the city and lies approximately 30 metres (98 ft) below ground level. Winters are mild with snow very rarely falling in the city itself but often settling on the peak of Vesuvius. In 1480 the writer and poet Jacopo Sannazzaro wrote the first pastoral romance, Arcadia, which influenced Italian literature. Sorrento and the Amalfi Coast are situated south of the city, while the Roman ruins of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis and Stabiae, which were destroyed in the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD, are also visible nearby. [96] The demographic profile for the Neapolitan province in general is relatively young: 19% are under the age of 14, while 13% are over 65, compared to the national average of 14% and 19%, respectively. Later Neapolitan was replaced by Spanish during Spanish domination, and then by Italian. The first written testimonies of the Italian language are the Placiti Cassinensi legal documents, dated 960 A.D., preserved in the Monte Cassino Abbey, which are in fact evidence of a language spoken in a southern dialect. Naples is well known for its sweet dishes, including colourful gelato, which is similar to ice cream, though more fruit-based. [143][144] , meaning "Pure Eyes", a Siren in Greek mythology) on the island of Megaride in the ninth century BC. [55] Then in 1884, Naples fell victim to a major cholera epidemic, caused largely by the city's poor sewerage infrastructure. Since its invention, the white clam pie has become the signature pizza of pizzerias in New Haven. The Neapolitan tarantella is a courtship dance performed by couples whose "rhythms, melodies, gestures, and accompanying songs are quite distinct" featuring faster more cheerful music. 28. It was the forerunner of a much more ambitious project, the Bourbon Hospice for the Poor started by Charles III. He was consequently named World Player of the Year. Napoli’s Italian has a number of different styles of our homemade pizza’s to fit any family or event. A város lakossága kb. Scampìa For other uses, see, Top: Panorama view of Mergellina Port, Mergellina, Chiaia area, over view of, Parks, gardens, villas, fountains and stairways. In addition to serving as the backdrop for several movies and shows, many talented celebrities (actors, actresses, directors, and producers) are originally from the city of Naples. The latter originally had only a memorial to religious martyrs, but in 1866, after the Italian unification, four lions were added, representing the four rebellions against the Bourbons. The song "Santa Lucia" played by Tom Cat in Cat and Dupli-cat traced origin from Naples. Other popular local sports include water polo, horse racing, sailing, fencing, boxing and martial arts. [18][19] By the eighth century BC, the settlement had expanded to include Monte Echia. The masked character of Pulcinella is worldwide famous figure either as theatrical character or puppetry character. [50], Ferdinand IV was restored as king; however, after only seven years Napoleon conquered the kingdom and installed Bonapartist kings, including his brother Joseph Bonaparte (the Spanish king). [61] Due to this event, environmental contamination and increased health risks are also prevalent. The name has little to do with the marinara sauce, besides sharing a … Its strategic position that overlook the entire city made it the aim of various invaders. Several archeological excavations are also present; they revealed in San Lorenzo Maggiore the macellum of Naples, and in Santa Chiara, the biggest thermal complex of the city in Roman times. Nearby is the Teatro di San Carlo, which is the oldest opera house in Italy. 14. Landmarks such as the Temple of Dioscures were built, and many emperors chose to holiday in the city, including Claudius and Tiberius. San Giovanni a Teduccio The traditional Neapolitan flip coffee pot, known as the cuccuma or cuccumella, was the basis for the invention of the espresso machine, and also inspired the Moka pot. Modern pizza evolved from similar flatbread dishes in Naples, Italy, in the 18th or early 19th century. Pepe's was founded in 1925 by Frank Pepe (April 15, 1893 – September 6, 1969), an Italian immigrant. In 1935, the Rationalist architect Luigi Cosenza created a new fish market for the city. Barra [clarification needed] After saving enough money, he was able to buy a wagon from which he sold his pizzas. [27] Theoctistus was appointed without imperial approval; his appointment was later revoked and Theodore II took his place. There are large catacombs in and around the city, and other landmarks such as the Piscina Mirabilis, the main cistern serving the Bay of Naples during Roman times. The port towns of Pozzuoli and Baia, which were part of the Roman naval facility of Portus Julius, lie to the west of the city. [76], The Carmine Castle, built in 1392 and highly modified in the 16th century by the Spanish, was demolished in 1906 to make room for the Via Marina, although two of the castle's towers remain as a monument. Pizza Margherita (more commonly known in English as Margherita pizza) is a typical Neapolitan pizza, made with San Marzano tomatoes, mozzarella cheese, fresh basil, salt and extra-virgin olive oil. In March, 2015 Pepe's released their plans to expand into the Boston market. Daniela Giampaola, Francesca Longobardo (2000). Another important park is the Parco Virgiliano, which looks towards the tiny volcanic islet of Nisida; beyond Nisida lie Procida and Ischia. "Inigo Jones in Naples" in, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 10:38. There are also a number of ancient Greco-Roman reservoirs dug out from the soft tufo stone on which, and from which, much of the city is built. [105] Another notable centre of education is the Istituto Universitario Orientale, which specialises in Eastern culture, and was founded by the Jesuit missionary Matteo Ripa in 1732, after he returned from the court of Kangxi, the Emperor of the Manchu Qing Dynasty of China.[106]. [154] The first music conservatories were established in the city under Spanish rule in the 16th century. [30], By 1137, the Normans had attained great influence in Italy, controlling previously independent principalities and duchies such as Capua, Benevento, Salerno, Amalfi, Sorrento and Gaeta; it was in this year that Naples, the last independent duchy in the southern part of the peninsula, came under Norman control. Siellä on noin miljoona asukasta ja esikaupungit mukaan luettuina 3,7 miljoonaa asukasta. The port of Naples runs several public ferry, hydrofoil and SWATH catamaran services, linking numerous locations in both the Neapolitan province, including Capri, Ischia and Sorrento, and the Salernitan province, including Salerno, Positano and Amalfi. Fuorigrotta