The pyramid is called today the collapsed pyramid as it looks from afar like a huge tower. There was also a causeway cut into the bedrock and paved with limestone but this is largely ruined. The funerary set is very simple and constitutes one of the rare private sets of satellite pyramids. Most modern travellers primarily visit sites such as the Pyramids of Giza or the Step Pyramid of Sakkara but it should be on everyone list at least once to visit. There you will find the tomb of Ra-Hotep and his wife Nofert. The last layer, therefore, rested not on solid rock but rather on three layers of limestone blocks and sand. It has often been assumed that the original builder of this Step Pyramid was Huni, the last king of the 3rd Dynasty. Required fields are marked *, Enquiry about the Tour availability or anything you’d like to know. According to researchers, Meidum might have been the second pyramid completed after Djoser’s. I just hope they keep doing this. In the XV century Egyptian historian and geographer Al-Maqrizi was the first, who reported about the unusual shapes of the Pyramid. You will rarely find it included in the regular tourist itineraries, as most of the visitors nowadays follow a very traditional itinerary, which mainly includes the traditional sites such as Giza pyramids and the step pyramid in Sakkara ! For a long time, Egyptologists thought that the pyramid was built by King Snefru, the builder of the two pyramids in Dashur. Originally built as a stepped pyramid, Meidum was later converted into what is known as a ‘true pyramid’, defined with smoothed surfaces, just over 300 feet (92 meters) tall. The entrance on the north face leads down to a small burial chamber in which fragments of a limestone stele bearing the image of Horus were found. Choose to start, finish, or center your holiday on a trip to Meidum Pyramid by using our El Wasta trip planner. After we went through the gates a car with 4 guards led us out to the pyramid and stayed while we went inside. Like other pyramids, it was built in accretion layers. Wildung has gone as far as to suggest the Meidum pyramid is a precursor to the sun temples the Fifth Dynasty pharaohs built near Abusir. Go inside Meidum Pyramid Egypt New 2019 Megalithic Maiden Jj Ainsworth Snefru built the Meidum Pyramid, and Snefru is considered to be the greatest builder in Egyptian history. It was then turned into the first true pyramid by filing in the steps and capping them with limestone. The entrance that you use to get inside was actually made by the tomb robbers. You simply drive along the road that takes you to Sakkara, past the site of Sakkara and drive straight for about an hour, or until you can see the pyramid. However, in the final stage blocks were laid horizontally, which both reduced the cohesion of the layers of the monument and made the work of stone thieves easier. However, the Meidum pyramid was named “Sneferu Endures” and it is surrounded by a number of mastabas in which the sons of Sneferu were buried, so it seems reasonable to ascribe it entirely to him. The Pyramid of Meidum is built of limestone blocks. The pyramid at Meydum was the first of these three buildings. Your choices will not impact your visit. It is tempting to see this pyramid as a practice run for his later, better constructed, pyramids at Dashur. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. It is one the greatest master pieces of the Egyptian museum. It has non-standard shape and consists of 7 steps, theree of which are visible. It is great to see and touch, to put your hand on the handle of something that is thousands of years old. These tombs yielded great treasure to the Egyptian Museum. On your way up you will notice some huge beams of cedar wood that are 4600 years old. The inside had two passageways. In front of the eastern side of the pyramid you will find a small funerary temple that is still intact. It was originally designed as a seven step pyramid with a further step being added once construction was in a fairly advanced stage. Egyptian archaeologists excavating the ruins of a pyramid 60 miles outside of Cairo have discovered the skeletal remains of a 13-year-old girl huddled inside a tomb. This graffiti on the eastern wall of the temple, was left by some ancient Egyptian travelers from the time of the 19th dynasty (1300 BC) recording their admiration of the great structure that King Senfru had built in Mydoum. It is one of those sites that had and still keeps, lots of secrets medium. It contains a large pyramid and several mudbrick mastabas. Nearby the tomb of RA- HOTEP, another one was found, the great tombs of Nefer-Matt. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. There is another way to reach Mydoum, it is longer but faster. It is known as “el-haram el-kaddab” (the “False Pyramid”) in Arabic because it now barely resembles a pyramid. The entrance of the tombs leads through a descending corridor that is about 10 m long then you will find a small shaft inside of which there is a modern wooden ladder that takes you down to another tunnel, at the end of which you will find a hole in the wall, like the needle hole, you can’t get through so easily, you will have to crawl on your stomach. I can simply call it a virgin site. Every time I go there I get overwhelmed with the place and the feeling that there still dozens of secrets in this site uncovered, I feel it never had the chance to have a proper investigation. Yes, you will have to do the same way ancient tombs robbers once did it. The pyramid at Meidum is thought to be just the second pyramid built after Djoser's and may have been originally built for Huni, the last pharaoh of the Third Dynasty, and continued by Sneferu. The one at Meidum is believed to have collapsed as the builders tried transforming it from a step pyramid to a smooth-sided one. Others suggested they related to a burial in the pyramid, but no sarcophagus was found inside the chamber and there is no evidence that Sneferu or anyone else was ever buried in this pyramid. He was also the father of Khufu, who later built the Great Pyramid of Giza. Chambers inside the pyramid were found intact and king’s remains found even including the viscera (the group of tissues and organs inside the body) ... Pyramid of Meidum – Route from Cairo Pyramid of Meidum Map. From the entrance on the north face an unusually high fifteen meters above ground level, a steep passage descends to meet a horizontal passage just below ground level. The burial chamber is very small if compared with other burial chambers found inside other pyramids. NOTE: These settings will only apply to the browser and device you are currently using. At the end of the chamber there is a huge granite sarcophagus with the lid slightly set opened. Our stay inside the pyramid was short and rushed, as by that time it was nearing dusk. The Meidum pyramid may have been first built for Sneferu's father Huni, but Sneferu certainly finished it, and it is named after Sneferu. In front of the temple you can see the causeway that traditionally led to the mummification temple located at the end of the causeway. Meidum Pyramid: Meidum Pyramid, down near Fayoum - See 89 traveller reviews, 63 candid photos, and great deals for El Wasta, Egypt, at Tripadvisor. Before the Pyramid at Meidum was built, the only preceding pyramids were all "step" or "layer" pyramids. It is the highlight of the visit. You may change your settings at any time. When it was newly constructed, it featured 8 steps, one built right on top of the other! It is hard today to believe that one king did actually have 3tombs built for him, the two pyramids in Dahshour, and a third one in Mydoum. Sneferu is credited with having erected three pyramids: One at Meidum and two at Dahshur. Entering the tomb was a matter of quite a ways down, then up on some ladders, and finally arrival in the burial chamber which is unadorned, although the bats checking us out added a certain 'inside the pyramid' charm to the place. It was plundered by tomb robbers thousands of years ago. Visitors Can Now Explore Hidden Tombs Inside Two Newly Opened Pyramids in Ancient Egypt. In front of the northern side of the pyramid about 300 meters to the north there is a set up of tombs built in the time of the fourth dynasty and found in 1855. It’s permitted to … Archaeologists agree that the stepped pyramid was built by pharaoh Huni who reigned about 2599 - 2575 BC and that Snefru who reigned about 2575 to 2551 BC converted it to a true pyramid . It is a beautiful scene of the 6 Egyptian geese together made on a mud brick wall that was covered with a coat of stucco and painted. While inside, look up to see a corbeled ceiling. The pyramid is generally attributed to Pharaoh Sneferu, the king behind the two pyramids at Dahshur and the father of Khufu.Most Egyptologists believe that Sneferu built a step pyramid at Meidum before going on to build the Bent and Red pyramids. Meidum, Maydum or Maidum is an archaeological site in Upper Egypt. The Plan of the Pyramid . There we found some great paintings considered the best and the oldest ever found in a tomb, exhibited in the Egyptian Museum in the same room as you will see the statues of Ra hotep and his wife. This pyramid was probably built during the reign of the 4th Dynasty King named Sneferu. There you have to pay an entrance ticket, it costs 16LE( 3$) and to use your camera you have to get a camera ticket that will cost you 5 LE (1$). And at the end of this room you will find a wooden ladder that leads up to the burial chamber. However the name of king Huni has never been found at Meydum. RA- HOTEP was the son of King Senfru and the commander of the Egyptian army in the 4th dynasty a chief priest of center of the worship of god RA the sun god. It was built a long way south of most of the pyramids, at Meidum, which is about 60km south of Cairo. It was an optional extra on my Egyptian holiday so here I was. In older literature king Huni of the Third Dynasty is often named as the owner of the pyramid at Meydum. The most famous is what we call the scene of the geese of Mydoum. Exactly how or when she died is a mystery, though the experts say the site itself dates back to the end of the Third Dynasty roughly 4,600 years ago. In 2001 a French team of Egyptologists found a small corridor at the end of the wooden ladder that takes you up to the burial chamber, it is about 3 meters long. It was Borchardt who first realised that this was because the pyramid was built in three stages with the design altering at each point. Snefru was identified as owner of the pyramid … The pyramid of Meidum is often known as the “collapsed pyramid” because of its ruined state. By the fifteenth century, the Egyptian historian al-Maqrizi recorded that only five steps remained and by the time it was surveyed by Napoleon’s men only three steps were still in place. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. As a matter of fact it seems that the last king of the third dynasty “Huni” left his pyramid unfinished and it seems that his successor King Senfru finished the building for him, so that latter generations thought it was the work of Senfru. At the end of the corridor you will find a small chamber roughly cut in the bed rock exactly underneath the apex line of the pyramid. The pyramid of Meidum is often known as the “collapsed pyramid” because of its ruined state. This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. This pyramid was 25 miles north of the Meidum Pyramid. Meidum (Maidum) is the location of a necropolis used during the Old Kingdom, particularly in the fourth dynasty by Sneferu and members of his family. Despite the fact that a last ruler of the Dynasty III, pharaoh Huni and father of Snefru, erected the Meidum Pyramid, the structure was definitely completed by Snefru, most probably after his father’s death. Required fields are marked *, One of the forgotten sites and rarely found in the regular tourist itineraries, as most of the visitors nowadays follow a very traditional itinerary, which mainly includes the traditional sites such as Giza pyramids and the step pyramid in Sakkara. It took the ancient Egyptians about 400 years to progress from using building materials such as wood, reeds, and mudbrick to smooth-sided pyramids. I have noticed in the last few years that some travel agencies have been trying to organize trips to the pyramid of Mydoum together with the pyramid of Dahshour in a one-day trip. This passage has two small niches, on the east and west walls, the purpose of which is not clear. This discovery has not been released to the public yet. This pyramid represents the first known attempt at the construction of a "true" pyramid. Inside the Bent Pyramid, an inscription with Snefru's name and a stela discovered by archaeologists alongside the neighboring, subsidiary pyramid shows Snofru himself.) The pyramid of Mydoum was built by the last king of the third dynasty king “HUNI” in the style of a step pyramid, it was originally 8 steps on top of each other. It would most likely have run around two hundred meters to connect with the valley temple at the edge of the Nile, but due to the marshy nature of the ground and the high water level no evidence of this building has been found. This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. They do not store any information about you other than that which is strictly required for navigation and function, and I have no aceess to any of the data. 14. There underneath the lid, you will notice a small ancient hammer stuck underneath the heavy led, forgotten by the ancient tomb robbers. Just across from the Fayoum in the Nile Valley, south of Cairo, situated alone on the edge of the Western Desert above the lush green fields at Meidum is a tower shaped structure some sixty-five meters high that was once a pyramid that we believe was built by the 4th Dynasty King, SnefruEgyptologists. >> Pyramid Index / Fayoum. The pyramid was Egypt's first straight-sided one, but it partially collapsed in ancient times.The area is located around 62 miles (100 km) south of modern Cairo. Unfortunately this is one of the forgotten sites. The Bent Pyramid located at Dahshur was the next attempt to build a true pyramid. It has a corbelled roof that is not well done and the rest of the room is empty. The temple has no paintings or inscriptions. Malek, Jaromir (2000) “The Old Kingdom”, in. When the pyramid was complete it is estimated that its proportions were similar to those of the Great Pyramid but it is likely that the pyramid began to crumble during the reign of Sneferu and that this may have contributed to his decision to alter the angle of his pyramid at Dashur in mid construction. The corridor connects with a vertical shaft which rises ten meters to meet a small burial chamber. The pyramid is called today the collapsed pyramid as it looks from afar like a huge tower. The whole complex is surrounded by an enclosure wall, traces of which remain. For a long time Egyptologists believed that the pyramid was built by King Senfru, the builder of the two pyramids in Dahshour, the belief came as we found some graffiti in the funerary temple located at the eastern side of the pyramid which had been discovered at the end of the 19th century. And yes when you are finished, to get out of the tomb, you have to use the same way as you did to get in!!! Today it is strongly believed it had been the work of Huni in the first place and then completed by his son after his death. There is some evidence that the pyramid was built within the first fifteen years of his reign and then he abandoned Meidum for Dashur. During the first two stages of building, the blocks were angled towards the middle of the pyramid (as was done with the pyramid of Djoser) which increased stability. Here we found two beautiful limestone statues of them still in perfect condition and they are among the most famous master pieces in the Cairo Museum today. After a long interruption Petrie again returned to Meidum with Egyptologists, Ernest Mackay and Gerald Wainright. The entrance of the pyramid is located almost 30 meters above the ground level in the northern side of the pyramid. Started as a Step Pyramid but then converted into a true pyramid, the pyramid at Meidum marks the transition from the Early Dynastic Period to the Old Kingdom. The last King of the 3rd Dynasty, King Huni, built the Pyramid of Meidum in the style of a step pyramid. In the last few years I have led special groups to that pyramid. I love this tomb; to go inside is a real adventure! Meidum Pyramid is located 65 km to the South of Sakkara and can be visited as part of a Fayoum tour. pyramid of Meidum, Egypt. Unfortunately the mummification temple has been destroyed and nothing left of it.. We are a team of professionals who specialize in tourism in Egypt with over 15 years of experience. It was a step pyramid at first, like Djoser's. With the pyramid of Sekhemkhet at Saqqara and the pyramid at Zawyet el-Aryan, credited to Khaba being left unfinished, the one at Meidum was the second large-scale Step Pyramid to have been completed. The pyramid of Mydoum has a special magic, in my opinion the visit to this collapsed pyramid of Mydoum is very worthwhile. The Meidum Pyramid was originally built as a step pyramid and the limestone slab casing was added later making it a true pyramid. Ricke has suggested that the myth of Osiris was incorporated into the worship of the dead king at around this time and that this caused a theological shift towards solar rather than stellar religion which in turn altered the form of the pyramid from step to true and the orientation away from North-South to East-West. By the fifteenth century the Egyptian historian al-Maqrizi recorded that only five steps remained and by the time it was surveyed by Napoleon’s men only three steps were still in place. On the south side of the courtyard there is a ruined satellite pyramid which is the oldest known example of a cult pyramid. To get into the inner burial chamber, you will need to descend down a narrow passage and crawl through a hole, which is the highlight of the visit for many. The inside of Meidum’s pyramid also features an important architectural mark. The Bent Pyramid at Dahshur marked a clear departure in architectural styles, signalizing the arrival of smooth-sided pyramids. Entering the tomb was a matter of quite a ways down, then up on some ladders, and finally arrival in the burial chamber which is unadorned, although the bats checking us out added a certain 'inside the pyramid' charm to the place. It is sometimes suggested that the Meidum pyramid was begun as a step pyramid by Huni but completed by Sneferu. Meidum Pyramid is a bit off the normal tourist route. The chapel at the Bent Pyramid is similar to the one at the Meidum Pyramid. The site includes one pyramid and a number of mastaba tombs and it lies to the south of Giza and Memphis.. Pyramid of Sneferu; satellite pyramid It leads to a descending corridor that goes for 54m, it is unique among all the descending corridors in that you don’t have to bend down to enter it, unless you are really a tall person… Here you have to have a torch to light your way, as most of the lamps are broken (I have told the inspectors there several times to change them, but no one cared).